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Originally published by Victoria County History, London, This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved. THE village of Aldbrough lies 18 km. There may have been another settlement east of the village at Thorpe Garth, where land north of the farmhouse was called Old Garths in the 19th century. Aldbrough means 'old stronghold', Bewick 'dairy farm near the bees', Carlton perhaps 'peasants' farms', and Etherdwick 'Ethelred's dairy farm'. Fosham, sometimes Fosham garth, meaning 'homestead on the ditch' probably alludes to Lambwath stream which forms much of the northern parish boundary and divides the North and Middle divisions of the wapentake.
The precise meaning of Tansterne is uncertain but the name refers to a pool there. The name Ringbrough, also occasionally used with the suffix 'garth', may be an Anglian and Scandinavian hybrid and means 'circular stronghold'. From the 12th century the prefix 'East' was used to distinguish one of the Newtons, which was then and later also known as Newton next to Aldbrough, Aldbrough Newton, and Ringbrough Newton.
The other Newton was named Newton Constable from the 13th century after its owners and West Newton from the 16th century. In the ancient parish of Aldbrough contained 6, a. West Newton hamlet and the larger settlement of Burton Constable, in Swine, together formed the township of West Newton. In a detached area of East Newton township called Scarshaws was transferred to Withernwick. In Aldbrough, then of 4, a. In there were poll-tax payers at Aldbrough, 37 at East Newton and Ringbrough, 9 at Bewick, and 4 at Tansterne; Carlton, Fosham, and Thorpe presumably contributed to the Aldbrough figure.
In Aldbrough village and East Newton had 57 houses assessed for hearth tax Aldbrough east riding of yorkshire 30 discharged, and 9 more were assessed at Carlton and Fosham. At West Newton and Burton Constable, in Swine, together there were poll-tax payers in and 16 houses in Etherdwick was similarly taxed with Flinton, in Humbleton, 85 poll-tax payers being recorded in and 28 houses in s recovered slowly from in to in East Newton had 24 inhabitants in ; s thereafter fluctuated, reaching 41 in and standing at 25 in After the union of Aldbrough and East Newton civil parishes the combined population increased slowly to in but was in1, inand 1, inof whom 1, were usually resident.
At West Newton and Burton Constable the population rose from in to in but had fallen to by The parish is largely on boulder clay and most of the ground lies between 7 m. The village and most of the hamlets were sited on the higher ground, and sand and gravel has been extracted.
The commonable lands at Aldbrough were inclosed in and those at East Newton in ; the other settlements were inclosed earlier, Etherdwick, and possibly Carlton, by agreement in the 17th century. Aldbrough is drained chiefly by Lambwath stream and other drains flowing west from the coast towards the river Humber. The streams defining the southern boundary include that recorded as insufficient in fn.
After low ground assessed to the drainage included 80 a. From Aldbrough village ro leading north-west to Mappleton and south-east to Garton have been upgraded and improved as parts of the Holderness coast road. In the road was straightened north of the village and Bail bridge carrying it over the southern boundary drain was widened.
Bridges carrying the Hull road were in disrepair in the mid 14th century, when the inhabitants of Etherdwick were among those held responsible. That to East Newton was realigned, probably at the inclosure of East Newton inand a road to Tansterne awarded in was later discontinued. ALDBROUGH village stands on a ridge of high ground which falls sharply to the north into the valley of Lambwath stream, and its church is further elevated by the circular mound on which it stands.
Aldbrough has a linear plan comprising two parallel streets connected by cross lanes. The main street was formerly the northern one, comprising Church Street and North Street. Church Street, leading west from the church and broadening to form a triangular area in which a small green survives, was the market place.
Much of the ground between Church Street and the southern street was unbuilt in the mid 18th century and may once have formed part of a larger green. The busiest street is the westernmost cross lane, which forms part of the parish's principal road; it was called Johnson's Lane in the 18th century and later Hornsea Road. Already in the 18th century the village extended west beyond the main road along Carlton Lane, then West Lane, and there was some infilling and extension of the village by the mid 19th century. The new housing included c. The district council built a sewage works on Headland Road c.
Castle hill was named in the mid 19th century, and Castle Park, a housing estate recently built incontinues the tradition. The village buildings date mostly from the 19th and 20th centuries and include a few farmhouses. Almost all are of brick, presumably the result of brickmaking in the village; fn. Of the few noteworthy buildings, Tymperon's hospital is treated below. Wentworth House was probably the house of Matthew Wentworth, who married the widow of Thomas Michelbourne d. Bean rebuilt fn. Aldbrough Hall was built on the southern edge of the village after by Christopher Scott d.
Up to five houses at Aldbrough were d in the later 18th century. The second house in the village, the Elm Tree, was recorded as a beerhouse in Penny and was later called the Artist's Rest. Also in Cross Street was the Holderness hotel, which was mentioned from the s until the s. A branch of the Druids, founded in and recorded untilmet at the Holderness hotel and by the s at the Artist's Rest. Another hut, beside Hornsea Road, was later used by a youth club; it was demolished c. War Memorial Recreation Ground south of the village in ; a village and sports hall was opened there in By the mid 19th century allotment gardens were provided at Aldbrough on land belonging to the poor, to Towrie's charity, fn.
There were also gardens at West Newton. Aldbrough has attracted visitors since the 19th century. There was a beerhouse near the sea in fn. Robert Raikes d. The Spa inn was also mentioned Aldbrough east riding of yorkshireand by there were three lodging houses near the sea and another in the village. A regular Aldbrough east riding of yorkshire service from Hull was run during the season in the s, and those catering for visitors c.
Aldbrough failed as a spa, largely perhaps because of the poor access to its beach and the lack of a railway. A few years later, however, many bungalows were built along the cliff, mostly for week-enders from Hull, fn. A new Royal hotel was built further inland c. Beacons have been sited on the high ground close to the sea. Three were recorded at Aldbrough in and later one. It was taken down in the early s and rebuilt by the early 19th century, when it was reported as partly washed away by the sea. The restored beacon was finally removed from Bunkers hill, close to the northern parish boundary, c.
The houses were demolished in The hamlet formerly stood along the south side of a single street, fn. The older buildings, which include several farmhouses, date from the 18th century. Mount Pleasant farm retained its 19th-century farm buildings in There was a d house in the later 18th century and the Gate tavern was named in the s.
Newton, later East Newton, hamlet was also recorded from It may have comprised an east-west street with a parallel back lane, fn. At Aldbrough Thorpe Garth Farm and Hill Top Farm existed at inclosure in ; farmste were built later on former common land at Crossmere hill, where an 18th-century dovecot survives, and, byat Mount Pleasant. Hill Top Farm was rebuilt c. Close to Hill Top Farm and just in East Newton township stands the single-storeyed Low Farm, a 19th-century, lobby-entrance house probably built on former common land.
That of Kilnsea comprised 2 carucates at Etherdwick, 1 carucate at Tansterne, and 1 carucate at Ringbrough, and 2 carucates more at Ringbrough were soke of Easington. Robert de Ros was named as undertenant infn. An early undertenant of the Ros family was John of Beverley, or of Aldbrough, lord of Aldbrough and Thorpe, who was succeeded in turn by his son Reynold and daughter Agnes of Kelk.
Robert's son James was a minor and it was presumably as his guardian that John de Ros of Gedney was named as the other lord of Aldbrough in The estate then comprised 3 carucates, evidently including the tenants' land, and was held of Sir James by Robert de Ros, fn. John in and in exchanged the estate with the Crown. In William Towrie devised it to his son Francis and he to his brother George in Priscilla Dowbiggin sold her moiety to Hugh Andrew inand in he bought the other from Richard Smith and his son William.
Harrison's asees in bankruptcy sold the manor and the a. Thorpe Garth farm in to Hannah and Sarah Starkey, who then charged it with a rent to augment a church living in Huddersfield. Starkey d. The farm, then of a. Fisher in and to G. Caley in Top farm at East Newton in Leake in The chief house, which was recorded inwas decayed in but was evidently rebuilt or repaired. Sir Richard Aldbrough east riding of yorkshire held land at Aldbrough infn. Docwray d. Richard More fl.
Shortly before Dodsworth had bought a large estate at Carlton, and c. Kirkstall abbey Yorks. The Crown sold the manor to John Eldred and William Whitmore in ; it was then wholly held by tenants and included a dozen houses and c. In Henry Tymperon also bought part of the rectorial estate. William Tymperon, by will proved indevised the manor for a charity benefiting the parish, and his trustees were awarded a. Manor farm, of a. Brhaw d. Brhaw bought the farm with 95 a. Brhaw, who added the a.
Dairy farm instill owned both farms in The Esthall or Hall family held an estate at Aldbrough by knight service of the Ros family of Helmsley. William of Esthall was named as a mesne lord there inand in Thomas of Esthall held 1 carucate. John Fox's part, comprising the manor and the a. Fosham Garth farm, descended to Thomas Fox. Garbutt, who sold it to J. Garbutt in Chichester-Constable bought the farm and it later descended with the estate at West Newton.
North's daughters Dorothy Maltas and Rose Kirk sold the a. John Disney was d to have divine service in his house at Fosham in Another estate at Fosham descended from John More d. The farm later descended with West Newton. Low Fosham Farm dates from the late 18th century and is a stuccoed building with a pantile roof, to which single-storeyed side screen walls were added in the later 20th century. Thomas's hospital, Southwark. In the 16th and 17th centuries the manor was often held by the Moore family as lessees. Leonard and his wife Susan in The site of the manor and its houses were worth little in the 15th century.
Its L -shaped plan comprises a four-bayed main block with rear wing.Aldbrough east riding of yorkshire
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Aldbrough, East Riding of Yorkshire