Drugs and its effects on the brain

Added: Jamilah Shipman - Date: 23.07.2021 22:21 - Views: 30063 - Clicks: 916

Addiction is a disease that affects your brain and behavior. The earlier you get treatment for drug addictionthe more likely you are to avoid some of the more dire consequences of the disease. You can get addicted to alcoholnicotine, sleep and anti- anxiety medicationsand other legal substances. You can also get addicted to prescription or illegally obtained narcotic pain medications, or opioids. This problem is at epidemic levels in the United States. Inopioids played a role in two-thirds of all drug overdose deaths. At first, you may choose to take a drug because Drugs and its effects on the brain like the way it makes you feel.

You may think you can control how much and how often you use it. But over time, drugs change how your brain works. These physical changes can last a long time. They make you lose control and can lead to damaging behaviors. You may abuse drugs to feel good, ease stressor avoid reality. Not when it puts your health in danger. Not when it causes financial, emotional, and other problems for you or your loved ones. That urge to get and use drugs can fill up every minute of the day, even if you want to quit. Addiction also is different from physical dependence or tolerance. In cases of physical dependence, withdrawal symptoms happen when you suddenly stop a substance.

Tolerance happens when a dose of a substance becomes less effective over time. When you use opioids for pain for a long time, for example, you may develop tolerance and even physical dependence. In general, when narcotics are used under proper medical supervision, addiction happens in only a small percentage of people. Your brain is wired to make you want to repeat experiences that make you feel good.

They flood your brain with a chemical called dopamine. This triggers a feeling of intense pleasure. You keep taking the drug to chase that high. Over time, your brain gets used to the extra dopamine. So you might need to take more of the drug to get the same good feeling. And other things you enjoyed, like food and hanging out with family, may give you less pleasure.

When you use drugs for a long time, it can cause changes in other brain chemical systems and circuits as well. They can hurt your:. Together, these brain changes can drive you to seek out and take drugs in ways that are beyond your control. People also react differently to drugs. Some love the feeling the first time they try it and want more. Others hate it and never try again. Not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted.

But it can happen to anyone and at any age. Some things may raise your chances of addiction, including:. Most people who take their pain medicine as directed by their doctor do not become addicted, even if they take the medicine for a long time. Fears about addiction should not prevent you from using narcotics to relieve your pain.

This is normal and is not a of addiction. Still, talk to your doctor if this effect becomes troubling. Getting better from drug addiction can take time. Your treatment may include counselingmedicine, or both. Talk to your doctor to figure out the best plan for you. Addiction vs. Continued Effect on Your Brain Your brain is wired to make you want to repeat experiences that make you feel good. They can hurt your: Judgment Decision-making Memory Ability to learn Together, these brain changes can drive you to seek out and take drugs in ways that are beyond your control. Some things may raise your chances of addiction, including: Family history.

Your genes are responsible for about half of your odds. Women and men are equally likely to become addicted. Early drug use. So taking drugs at an early age may make you more likely to get addicted when you get older. Mental disorders. You may turn to drugs as a way to try to feel better. A history of trauma in your life also makes you more likely to have addiction. Troubled relationships. Not taking care of yourself or caring how you look Stealing, lying, or doing dangerous things, like driving while high or having unsafe sex Spending most of your time getting, using, or recovering from the effects of the drug Feeling sick when you try to quit How to Prevent Addiction to Prescribed Painkillers Most people who take their pain medicine as directed by their doctor do not become addicted, even if they take the medicine for a long time.

To avoid pain medicine addiction: Take the drug exactly as your doctor prescribes. Tell your doctor about any personal or family history of drug abuse or addiction; this will help them prescribe the Drugs and its effects on the brain that will work best for you. Don't Wait; Get Help Now If your drug use is out of control or causing problems, talk to your doctor.

Drugs and its effects on the brain

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ADDICTION & RECOVERY