How many christians in germany

Added: Isadora Zielke - Date: 31.10.2021 15:59 - Views: 46174 - Clicks: 8335

Germany is the birthplace of Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation, but since the middle of the 20th century, the country has seen a dramatic shift away from Protestantism — one that has greatly outpaced a decline in the share of Germans who are Catholic.

These shares are largely based on church membership rolls that include both children and adults.

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Over the next 60 years, the share of Protestants fell 30 percentage points, while the share of Catholics dropped 7 points. Each group now includes roughly three-in-ten Germans, based on membership data. And recent research indicates that the share of Muslims in Germany also has been growing in recent years, due in large part to immigration.

The nationwide decline in German Protestants also is apparent when looking separately at East and West Germany which reunified inaccording to additional research by Pollack.

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The decline in East Germany, which was predominantly Protestant when the country was formed inis widely considered to be the result of persecution, repression and marginalization of religion during the roughly four decades of communist rule. Today, eastern Germany is much more religiously unaffiliated than western Germany.

In western Germany, several aspects of religious life have been cited as possible reasons for the steeper declines among Protestants.

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These include a strong Catholic identity forged from years of existence as a minority religion, and doctrinal differences over salvation that make formal church involvement more necessary for Catholics than for Protestants. Protestants and Catholics in Germany follow traditional Christian religious beliefs and behaviors at roughly similar rates, according to Pew Research Center data.

For example, similar shares in both groups say they pray daily and believe in God with absolute certainty.

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At the same time, German Protestants are more likely than their Catholic counterparts to follow Eastern or New Age spiritual practices and beliefs. The recent Pew Research Center survey, which was conducted in 15 Western European countries, also examined attitudes on nationalism, immigration and religious minorities through the lens of religious affiliation and commitment. A higher score indicates higher levels of nationalism and negative sentiments toward immigrants and religious minorities. Among German Christians, however, Catholics are more likely than Protestants to profess nationalistic attitudes and to express anti-immigrant and anti-religious minority attitudes.

Moreover, Catholics who attend church services at least monthly are much more likely than Catholics who attend less frequently and Protestants at either level of religious participation to score in the upper half of the NIM scale. But it should be noted that Catholics and Protestants in Germany are concentrated in different parts of the country, which could also help shape attitudes on these topics. Are you a Core Conservative? A Solid Liberal?

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About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Newsletters Donate My .

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Research Topics. How German Protestants and Catholics compare Protestants and Catholics in Germany follow traditional Christian religious beliefs and behaviors at roughly similar rates, according to Pew Research Center data. Share this link:. Jonathan Evans is a research associate focusing on religion research at Pew Research Center. Mainline Protestants make up shrinking of U. Fewer Hispanics are Catholic, so how can more Catholics be Hispanic? Wide partisan divide on whether voting is a fundamental right or a privilege with responsibilities. Are you in the global middle class?

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How many christians in germany

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Once a majority, Protestants now for fewer than a third of Germans